Estes Commercial Services on top of 2023 Efficiency Requirements

Overview of the 2023 HVAC Minimum Efficiency Requirements

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What to Know About the 2023

HVAC Minimum Efficiency Requirements

Are you aware of the 2023 HVAC efficiency standards and the effect on Atlanta commercial buildings? Yes, there are major changes ahead that will impact the HVAC equipment we use. Beginning in 2023, the Department of Energy (DOE)'s minimum energy efficiency requirements go into effect for certain newly manufactured residential and commercial HVAC equipment.

To help you prepare for the changes, we will provide a brief overview of these minimum efficiency standards and how it will affect HVAC equipment over the long run.

New Minimum Efficiency Standards

Starting on January 1, 2023, all newly manufactured residential and commercial air-conditioners and heat pumps sold in the United States will have to comply with new minimum energy efficiency standards. In addition to these efficiency requirements, there are new testing requirements for certain residential and commercial equipment as of January 1, 2023.

Central Air-Conditioners and Heat Pumps

For central air-conditioners, the efficiency requirements that must be met depending upon the region in which the equipment is sold. The DOE classifies the United States into three climate zones based on the number of heating degree days: the southeast region, the southwest region, and the north (or rest of the U.S.).

The reason for this is, that the longer an air-conditioner or heat pump runs, the more opportunity there is for energy savings. Different regions have different minimum efficiency requirements.

Specifically, the 2023 standards will have new minimum seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER) ratings. It will increase the air-conditioner minimum efficiency from 13 to 14 SEER in the North and from 14 to 15 SEER in the South, as shown in Table 1.

2023 Efficiency Requirements for Split Systems

System Type







Split System AC




Table 1

Heat pumps, on the other hand, are subject to a national minimum efficiency. In fact, the heat pump minimum efficiency will increase from 14 to 15 SEER nationally. The heating efficiency of air-source heat pumps, which is measured by the heating seasonal performance factor (HSPF), will also increase from 8.2 HSPF to 8.8 HSPF.

Commercial Air-Conditioners and Furnaces

The DOE also has new efficiency standards in January 2023 that impact commercial air-conditioners and furnaces, such as rooftop units (RTUs). This is the second phase of a multi-year plan.

The first phase was in January 2018, in which the minimum efficiency requirement was increased by 13%. This second phase in January 2023 will increase the minimum efficiency by an additional 15%. Impacted commercial HVAC equipment manufactured prior to January 1, 2023, can still be sold on or after the compliance date.

How the Requirements Impact Commercial Buildings

The goal of these new efficiency standards is to increase the energy efficiency of the HVAC equipment we use, which will, in turn, help lower heating and cooling usage and increase energy savings for commercial buildings.

The new commercial HVAC equipment that you purchase will be more energy efficient in the future, and commercial building owners and facility managers in the greater Atlanta area will find that this more efficient equipment has a quicker payback period and provides more utility savings.

Choose Estes Services for Your Commercial HVAC Needs

Estes Services has been providing comfort solutions since 1949. Our commercial HVAC services are catered to your unique needs and concerns.

In fact, we are here to help you and your business navigate these 2023 HVAC changes and make the best decisions for your commercial building. From offices to churches and places of worship, data centers to schools and universities, we work with buildings of all shapes and sizes and help them navigate this transition.

Whether you need help with a commercial HVAC system repair or replacement, we gladly provide consultations and offer free second opinions and estimates to businesses in Atlanta and beyond.

Wherever your business is located in the greater Atlanta area, we are the commercial HVAC company that you can trust. In fact, we are proudly a three-generation, family-owned, and local business, and we treat our clients like family. Our friendly commercial HVAC technicians ensure the proper maintenance and installation of your commercial HVAC equipment. We provide commercial HVAC services in Atlanta and beyond. Our service areas in GA include Alpharetta, Buckhead, Decatur, Druid Hills, Dunwoody, Fayetteville, Johns Creek, Kennesaw, Marietta, Midtown, Peachtree City, Roswell, Sandy Springs, and Virginia Highland.

Schedule service with Estes Services today. It's that Easy, it's Estes!